Rash and other skin conditions are commonly seen in babies. They are often temporary and clear up on their own
Cradle cap or infantile seborrheic dermatitis is common in new-borns and usually clears up on its own within a few months. It appears as crusts or greasy patches on the scalp.
Treatment of cradle cap
- Mild shampoo and a gentle brush.
- Soften the scales with oil or ointment before shampooing
- Weak topical steroid lotions under medical supervision
Diaper rash is seen as an irritated red skin in the diaper area caused by prolonged contact with urine or faeces. The skin creases or folds are usually not affected. Sometimes it can be associated with yeast or bacteria infection
Other rash in the diaper area
- Candida diaper dermatitis. This is a yeast infection in the diaper area. The skin is a deep red colour with patches outside the diaper area. The baby may also have a yeast infection in the mouth (thrush). The creases or folds of the thighs and diaper area are usually affected
- Seborrhoeic diaper dermatitis. This is common. It usually affects the diaper area and other parts of the body (face, scalp or neck) at the same time. The skin is red with yellow scales
- Bacteria infection due to staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria
- Allergies caused by an allergic reaction to dye in disposable diapers, or detergent used to wash cloth diapers.
Treatment of diaper rash
- Change your baby’s diaper frequently
- Gently clean the diaper area with a soft cloth and warm water
- Apply a diaper rash cream or ointment at each diaper change
- See a dermatologist if the condition persists
- Topical steroid or antifungal or antibiotic under dermatologist supervision
Heat rash is seen as tiny red or clear spots on the baby’s skin This is seen in babies who are overdressed or during hot weather. It often clears on its own
Treatment of heat rash
- Keep baby in a cool environment
- Do not overdress
- See a dermatologist if the rash persists